CBD and other cannabinoids of cannabis

The cannabis plant is a hub to cannabinoids (chemical compounds). Given the limited knowledge of cannabis (hemp and marijuana), it is hard to establish the exact number of cannabinoids. Besides, most of the cannabinoids occur in minute levels, making it hard to detect them. However, reports have shown that there are more than 140 cannabinoids present in Cannabis. Given the similar properties of most cannabinoids, we will look at seven of them and their effects.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

CBG occurs in both marijuana and hemp plants and is not psychotic. Studies have shown beneficial effects of CBG such as: CBG-infused products suppresses bacterial growth, cancerous tumors, reduces inflammation. 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

THC is the most common cannabinoid in marijuana plants. The percentage of THC in the plant ranges between 10% and 29%, depending on the strain. THC is famous for its psychotic properties that are responsible for euphoric and mood-lifting effects. Doctors are also recommending THC for managing various conditions due to the following health benefits:

  • Anti-depressants properties due to the mood-lifting impacts and anxiety suppression
  • Management of nausea, insomnia, and muscle spasms

Taking THC in large doses might give various side effects such as increased heart rate, short-term memory loss, and paranoia. It is advisable to consult a doctor prior to start using THC.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD is as THC one of the most prevalent cannabinoids in marijuana and hemp plants. It is a non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid.

Unlike THC, which is famous for side effects such as paranoia, increased blood pressure and heart rate, and short-term memory loss. Instead, people revere it due to the following medical benefits:

  • Various studies on CBD revealed its efficacy in reducing the intensity and frequency of seizures for epileptic people. 
  • CBD can also suppress chronic pain and inflammation.
  • The CBD properties make it ideal for managing Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and psychosis.

There have not been reported cases of serious side effects of CBD.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

The differences between tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and THC lie in the chemical structure and consequently in their effects. 

Medically, THCV is an important cannabinoid for various reasons. The studies have shown that it suppresses appetite, making it a promising choice for people trying to lose weight. According to research findings, THCV can help in the management of Parkinson’s disease. THCV also controls blood sugar and insulin levels, making it a  great supplement for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

The chemical structure of CBDV is similar to CBD. CBDV does not have psychoactive effects, just like CBD. Information about CBDV remains scanty. However, studies have shown that CBDV has anticonvulsant properties which reduces seizures, especially in epilepsy. Laboratory trials carried out on CBDV have shown that it can reduce nausea as well.

Cannabinol (CBN)

CBN is a more complex cannabinoid that forms upon aging of THC. It is gaining the popularity among general population, especially in a combination with THC. The studies have shown that such combination leads to sedative effects which is an ideal treatment for insomnia. CBN is also a good stimulant for appetite, treating glaucoma, and has been associated with antimicrobial properties. 

Cannabigerovarin (CBGV)

The CBGV properties are similar to those of CBD and CBG, making this compound another highly promising phytocannabinoid. CBGV has been shown as highly effective agent for  managing chronic pain and inflammation. Second, it is beneficial in varying skin conditions such as dry skin.

The list of identified cannabinoids is growing. In addition, scientific studies reporting on their beneficial effects is also rapidly expanding. If you are looking for the wholesome effects of CBD, full-spectrum and broad-spectrum are the go-to places.

References:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741114/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6514832/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165958/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23902479/

 

 

 

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